June 22nd, 2007 3:29 PM by BILL WILBANKS
OPTION ARM LOANS - Why I don't like them...
They go by many names. in my opinion they should be known by one: Potential TIME BOMBS! Asking some people to manage the negative amortization potential of this product is like the cloudy glass of water to the guy dying of thirst in the desert. He'll ask why it's cloudy later, right?
Generally known as PAYMENT OPTION ARMS. These adjustable rate mortgages (ARM) allow you the option of 4 payment methods each month. Some begin adjusting within 30 days and each thirty days thereafter. Other options can fix the payment and in some cases the rate for 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, or up to 10 years. For example purposes, I'll use a typical 5 year fixed rate option.
Basically, this mortgage has the note rate fixed (expect it to be higher than a normal 5/1 interest-only ARM) for the first five years. You may select from four payment options monthly for the first 60 payments or until a predetermined negative amortization cap is reached, usually around 115% of the initial loan amount, whichever occurs first depending on the payment method you select. Thereafter the loan enters an interest-only phase based on the current note rate until the end of the tenth year. At the end of the initial 5 years, it will adjust to a 6 month LIBOR or T-BILL index each 6 months for the life of the loan. At the end of ten years it will fully amortize (you make a full payment on the unpaid balance) for the remaining term of the initial 30 year loan. That's a mouth full, huh?
Back to the 4 monthly payment options in the first 5 years:
So, why do I prefer not to offer this loan to my customers? It's simple, really.
On a typical $200,000 loan you might expect an Option ARM to be priced about .50% +/- (1/2%) higher that a normal 5/1 interest-only ARM. The reason why someone might take the higher note rate ARM is because it offers a interest-only payment rate as in the first bullet point above that is 3% below the note rate each month for the first 5 years. Compared to a standard 5/1 I/O the payment difference would be a savings that month of about $500. Enough said? If they took the loan because of this lower payment option, they may continue to do so all year. That's a $6,000 shortfall or negative amortization that year. And, anything they add to their balance is now "interest bearing" too (that's how these TV ads show you the payment that's ridiculously low on that $200,000 loan amount by-the-way). Is your home appreciating by 3% or greater yearly right now? The current national annualized value has declined and year over year is down 2.7% (that's a national average $5,400 value decline on a $200,000 property). Your region or neighborhood may be more or less of course.
Real world? Sure is. I get calls from customers all the time with an Option ARM they want to get out of it. By the time they tell me their Florida home has slid a "little" in value since they bought it 2 or 3 years ago, and that their balance is now $12,000 to $18,000 higher, one of two things has become glaringly apparent. They are now going to be well over 80% financing in many cases that would require Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) that they don't want to hear about, use a self insurance product with it's higher loan rates, or they will need to add a second mortgage to keep from having PMI.
Many find they are up-side-down in equity and might even have to bring hundreds, if not thousands to the table (even on a true zero point quote) just to refinance it. I recently had a prospective customer that was so buried they couldn't even sell the home without bringing over $6,000 to closing. You know that made their day.
Okay, that neg-am payment looks GREAT! But, understand the potential risks. Relying on fast equity growth through appreciation to bail out of these and other quick-fix products by refinancing is at least temporarily a dream in many markets today. It could get worse if the market keeps going south.
7/2/2008 UPDATE 1 YEAR LATER! These loans have proven to be GARBAGE! Neg AM, High payments, driving people into foreclosure or terrible debt payments for years to come! I have never sold one. But I can't tell you how many people thought I was crazy for not doing them.
Bill Wilbanks / www.OrlandoMortgageMasters.com